A bone fracture is the medical term for breaking a bone. You can break your talus in a trauma like a fall or car accident. Some people also experience talus fractures playing sports. Symptoms of a fracture include:
Powder 50g25 servings per packet Usage: 2 grams (approximately 1 tsp.) two times per day. Mix with warm water and drink as a tea. Add to smoothies or shakes if desired. Best taken in the morning and afternoon.Extract ratio: 10:1 (minimum)
Powder 250g125 servings per packet Usage: 2 grams (approximately 1 tsp.) two times per day. Mix with warm water and drink as a tea. Add to smoothies or shakes if desired. Best taken in the morning and afternoon.Extract ratio: 10:1 (minimum)
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Jing Herbs provides potent, high quality super-food tonic herbs in combination with expert guidance to fuel your dreams and live your life to the fullest of your ability with an open heart and endless capacity for doing good in this world.
I have been using Kick ass for many years, I take a dose each morning and feel it helps keep my immune system healthy. We recently went to Ireland and I forgot to bring the Kick Ass with me and got sick. Have it on the list for our river cruise!
I take it pretty much daily and I think it helps my immune system. I tend to run myself down and catch colds easily. This is my near daily tonic and when I think I am coming down with something I use the kick ass immune.
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Although clinical trials are mostly lacking, Astragalus has been credited with immune-modulating actions via numerous molecular, cell culture, animal, and in-vitro research, including effects on T cells, T-cell receptors, and cytokines. For example, beta glucan, at a dose of 500 mg/kg, may decrease the release of inflammatory cytokines and corticosteroids, and improve lymphocyte proliferative response via enhanced interleukin activity.12 Various compounds in Astragalus enhance both humoral and cellular immune responses by activating signaling pathways, inhibiting the expression of excessive cytokines, and downregulating the frequency of regulatory T cells.13 These mechanisms lend Astragalus the ability to not only treat infections, but also reduce allergic and autoimmune reactivity.
Astragalus is a lead herb in many Traditional Chinese Medicine formulas for diabetes. Because diabetes can involve autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells, the use of Astragalus may slow the progression of diabetes. Animal studies show Astragalus to protect pancreatic beta cells14 and to reduce inflammation in animal models of autoimmune nephritis.15 Astragalus polysaccharides may correct imbalances between the Th1 and Th2 cytokines16 in pancreatic beta cells. One human study comparing the ability of insulin alone vs the combination of Astragalus and insulin to control gestational diabetes, reported superior efficacy of the combination in reducing lipids, renal function, and serum markers of oxidative stress, and without other adverse effects.17
Scleroderma is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by fibrotic changes in skin and other organs due to excessive collagen deposition. Astragalus polysaccharides may mitigate collagen accumulation in fibrotic disorders.18 One study investigated the effects of Astragalus on blood samples from children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura, and reported the herb to exert a balancing effect on interleukins, compared to controls.19 The topical use of Astragalus has been shown to reduce excessive hyperplasia of skin cells in animal models of allergic dermatitis, due to reduced production of inflammatory cytokines.20 Astragalus polysaccharides have been processed into liposomal ointments, a type of preparation reported to enhance immune-modulating effects in the skin.5
Astragalus polysaccharides may also deter the accumulation of inflammatory cells in the synovial tissues in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Animal models of RA show reduced concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1-beta (IL-1-β) in the joints of rats when treated with Astragalus.21
While Astragalus is not an acute bronchodilator suitable to open the airways in cases of acute asthmatic wheezing, the inclusion of the plant in an overall protocol for asthma may reduce allergic reactivity of the airways over time, and may help prevent acute episodes in chronic asthmatics. One human clinical trial of children with asthma showed Astragalus to improve the efficacy of steroids when co-administered, compared to the herb alone or to the steroid alone, in preventing the recurrence of asthma.28 Another clinical study of patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis showed Astragalus to reduce symptoms compared to placebo; the herb was also associated with a decrease in serum IgE and IgG, and a reduction in nasal eosinophils.29
Activated hepatic stellate cells are one of the main contributors to excessive collagen deposition in liver fibrosis. Astragalus polysaccharide may induce apoptosis in overactive hepatic stellate cells, and inhibit cell proliferation via effects on gene expression30; Astragalus combinations have also been shown to reduce fibrotic processes, as evidenced by reductions in hyaluronic acid, collagen, and pro-collagen levels in patients with fibrotic livers due to chronic hepatitis B.31 Astragalus may also help protect pancreatic beta cells from apoptosis and destruction via Th1/Th2 ratio shifts,32 and has been shown to protect the heart from tissue damage in animal models of acute myocarditis.33
Astragalus was traditionally used in teas or powders, often in combination with other herbs at doses of 20, 50, 80, and even 100 grams per day of crude powder. Astragalus roots have been taken daily, for weeks to months, and the plant is considered safe enough to eat in food-like quantities. Animal studies have reported Astragalus to be well tolerated, without deleterious effects.34 One study dosed female rats with 5 g/kg/day of the crude polysaccharide fraction, and reported no genotoxic or mutagenic effects.35 An RCT using Astragalus injections also reported no adverse side effects.36 Many current commercial encapsulations include 100-200 mg in blended formulas, or 500 mg in single-herb capsules, taken 1-2 at a time, BID-TID; my own experience is that the herb is well tolerated by patients in all forms.
While astragalus may be included in combination with other herbs, particularly in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) preparations, it's important to keep in mind that each herb may have different and/or additive effects.
Li NY, Yu H, Li XL, et al. Astragalus Membranaceus improving asymptomatic left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in postmenopausal hypertensive women with metabolic syndrome: A prospective, open-labeled, randomized controlled trial. Chin Med J (Engl). 2018;131(5):516-526. doi:10.4103/0366-6999.226077
Latour E, Arlet J, Latour EE, et al. Standardized astragalus extract for attenuation of the immunosuppression induced by strenuous physical exercise: randomized controlled trial. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2021;18(1):57. Published 2021 Jul 16. doi:10.1186/s12970-021-00425-5
Zheng Q, Zhuang Z, Wang ZH, et al. Clinical and preclinical systematic review of astragalus membranaceus for viral myocarditis. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2020;2020:1560353. Published 2020 Nov 2. doi:10.1155/2020/1560353
1) Leaflets of both species are hairy on the lower side, but A. naturitensis is often also hairy on the upper side. 2) The banner petal of A. naturitensis is light-colored, contrasting with the much darker wing petals. A. monumentalis' banner and wing petals are of a similar hue. 3) The flowers of A. naturitensis are 11.2-15.5 millimeters long, versus 7-10.5 millimeters for A. monumentalis. 4) The pods of A. naturitensis are compressed along the suture lines; those of A. monumentalis are somewhat cylindrical and triangular in cross-section. 5) The pods of A. naturitensis are one-chambered ("unilocular"); the pods of A. monumentalis are bilocular.
"essentially quite similar to A. naturitensis proper, but it is a more delicate plant with subfiliform petioles and peduncles, the stipules are shorter and narrower, the pod is of thinner texture and less heavily reticulate, the calyx is campanulate as opposed to cylindric, and the corolla one half shorter.... [The corolla of A. naturitensis is] conspicuously bicolored, [banner] white... and [wings and keel] purple.... By contrast the petals of var. deterior are all of a drab straw-color [ochroleucous], faintly purple-veined".
Since Barneby's 1948 description of Astragalus naturitensis var. deterior other botanists have published descriptions of the plant that modify Barneby's description, but these modifications are not in accord with one another. The following characteristics (listed in order of importance), summarized from Barneby, other botanists, and my experience (often while assisting Mesa Verde botanists), help separate the two species: 2b1af7f3a8