In the course of this journey, the ICRC has undertaken several studies to find ways to prevent this from ever happening again. We are therefore asking countries to develop their Nuclear Weapons-Free Commitment Action Plans (NWCAs), and we have given them due attention and support.
This is not a matter of speculation, or of a moral judgment, but rather of practical and objective analysis of the military role of nuclear weapons. Indeed, the ICRC has not only reflected on the issue, but also at the table of negotiations, in its capacity as a party to the NPT. This is the reason why we have not joined the movement of those who want to ban nuclear weapons, but rather why we have said that, if we want to continue living in the world we have, we must accept that, given the current state of global security, nuclear weapons cannot be eliminated.
The ICRC’s commitment is to support the strengthening of the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), and the reduction, to the absolute minimum, of the number of nuclear weapons stockpiles, while ensuring that the use of these weapons is strictly prohibited. The ICRC is only prepared to recognize and endorse the fulfilment of the pledge made by the country and the international community to take effective steps to this end. There is no other way.
Because of this, we have again proposed that a commitment to the NPT is essential for the fulfilment of the pledge, and that means a clear, precise, binding commitment from all parties, including the nuclear weapons states.
To recognize nuclear-weapon-free zones, ICRC has signed the “Koreas” statement in May 2002, and has signed an agreement with the Government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in April 2007. In 2009, the ICRC and the Government of Japan signed an agreement declaring a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the waters and airspace of all three countries and the establishment of the Center for the Prevention of Nuclear War (CENAT), the first of its kind in the world. 827ec27edc